AskDefine | Define verbatim

Dictionary Definition

verbatim adj : in precisely the same words used by a writer or speaker; "a direct quotation"; "repeated their dialog verbatim" [syn: direct] adv : using exactly the same words; "he repeated her remarks verbatim" [syn: word for word]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Verbatim



Attested in English since 1481 (therefore considered a derivation by some): from verbatim, from verbum + -atim, adverbial suffix.


  • a RP /vɜːˈbeɪtɪm/, /v3:'beItIm/
  • a US /vɚˈbeɪtɪm/, /v@r\`'beItIm/


  1. Word for word; in exactly the same words as were used originally.
    I have copied his speech and here it is, verbatim.
    • 1971: Denis Mahon, Studies in Seicento Art and Theory, p317
      …in several instances Mancini’s text is virtually reproduced verbatim by Bellori.120


rel-top Synonyms

Related terms


word for word
  • Finnish: sananmukaisesti, sanatarkasti, kirjaimellisesti, sanasta sanaan
  • German: wortgetreu, wortwörtlich
  • Greek: αυτολεξεί
  • Hebrew: מילה במילה
  • Icelandic: orðrétt, orð fyrir orð
  • Russian: дословно, слово в слово
  • Slovene: dobesedno
  • Spanish: literalmente
  • Swedish: ordagrant


  1. In the context of "of a document": Corresponding with the original word for word.
    • Date unknown: Joint Committee on Printing Congress of the United States, General Statement of Procedure for Verbatim Reporting of Proceedings in Senate Chamber, pV
    • 1917: Andreĭ Ivanovich Shingarev, Russia and Her Allies: Extract from the Verbatim Report of the Imperial Duma, IV th Session, 16 th Sitting, p3
    • 2002: Michael Quim Patton, Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods, p381
      Ironically, verbatim note taking can interfere with listening attentively.
  2. In the context of "of a person": Able to take down a speech word for word, especially in shorthand.
    • U.S. Department of Labor's description of court reporter's job
      Some States require voice writers to pass a test and to earn State licensure. As a substitute for State licensure, the National Verbatim Reporters Association offers three national certifications to voice writers: Certified Verbatim Reporter (CVR), the Certificate of Merit (CM), and Real-Time Verbatim Reporter (RVR). Earning these certifications is sufficient to be licensed in States where the voice method of court reporting is permitted.



of a document: word for word
  • Finnish: sananmukainen, sanatarkka, kirjaimellinen
  • Icelandic: orðréttur, orðrétt
  • Norwegian: ordrett
  • Slovene: dobeseden , dobesedna , dobesedno
  • Spanish: literal
of a person: skilled in faithful transcription


  1. A word-for-word report of a speech.


word-for-word report
  • Finnish: sanatarkka lainaus




From verbum + -atim, adverbial suffix.


  • /werˈbaː.tim/


Extensive Definition

As a linguistic term, the Latin word "verbatim" means an exact reproduction of a sentence, phrase, quote or other sequence of text from one source into another. The same words appear in exactly the same order, with no paraphrasing, substitution, or abbreviation of any kind, not even any trivial changes that would not have affected the meaning in any way, ie: grammatical interjections such as "um" "er" etc (commonly called "hesitation devices") or the removal of profanities.
In Clinical Pastoral Education, a "verbatim" refers to a student's written record of pastoral conversations with patients/clients, which are then discussed with the student peers and the supervisor, providing the information basis for the evaluations of the student's perceptiveness and sensitivity in those pastoral encounters with patients or persons in need.
The word 'Verbatim' also appears in the names of several companies:
verbatim in German: Verbatim
verbatim in Spanish: Verbatim
verbatim in French: Verbatim

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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